A definitive reference text for the Instrument Rating FAA Knowledge exam, this resource features information applicable to both conventional steam-gauge instrumentation as well as the glass cockpits found in technically advanced aircraft (TAA). Information on the latest technological developments complements traditional discussions of the "6-pack" and covers flight-support systems (AHRS and ADC), pictorial displays, flight-management systems (FMS), primary-flight display (PFD), and multi-function display (MFD), synthetic vision, advanced technology systems such as ADS, and safety systems such as traffic advisory systems. Also incorporated are the FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) tenets, including single-pilot resource management, scenario-based training, and learner-centered grading. Hazard identification, as well as task management, automation management, and risk management supplement a discussion on pilot factors. Featuring a comprehensive glossary and index, an appendix on clearance shorthand, and an instrument-rating training syllabus, this book presents all the information necessary to pass the exam.